Norwich Terrier Characteristics
Care Norwich Terrier is simple but mandatory. The coat of Norwich Terrier is wiry, straight and lies close to the body, with a thick undercoat. Coat Norwich Terrier should be combed with a long-tooth comb thoroughly once a week and bathed as necessary to keep the dog and your home clean. Coat of this breed should be hand stripped once in the spring and once in the fall. Ideally, you should do it four times a year.
Trimming help to keep а coat of Norwich Terrier well-groomed look, it will lessen itching due to too much dead coat not having been stripped. Also this procedure help with keeping your Norwich Terrier cool in the heat and humidity of the summer months.
Comb the coat of the Norwich Terrier with a long-tooth iron comb 2-3 times a week. This procedure removes dead hair, dust and improves skin circulation.
Norwich Terrier needs hand-stripping, how to check?
Grab the hair with two fingers and pull gently. If the hair remains between the fingers, it's time to trim. You can pluck out old hair yourself, for this you need a special stripping knive, a great patience and some skills. Contact the groomer if you are a beginner breeder and do not know the technique, or plan to participate in show. A professional will give of your Norwich Terrier a well-groomed appearance that meets all the requirements of the breed standard.
It is not recommend use scissors to groom the Norwich Terrier because it ruins the harsh texture of the coat and its beautiful natural colors. The hair shaft is banded with color, the tips being the darkest color. When you cut off the tips the color is lost to something considerably more wheaten in red areas or grey in the black parts of the coat.
If you must use scissor you can do so safely using blunt nose scissors in special areas: inside the ear, bottoms and around feet, and around the anus.
Bath: if it is necessary or before the show. The hard coat of Norwich Terrier repels dirt very well. For bathing, use a shampoo for wire-haired dog breeds. It is important to brush out any debris, dead hair, mats or tangles from Norwich Terrier coat. You should to lay down a rubber bath mat to provide a more secure footing for your dog and to prevent your tub or sink from being scratched.
Prepare everything you need for the bath:
Place cotton balls in dog’s ear canals to prevent accidental splashes from entering the ear canal that could later cause an ear infection.
Completely wet your dog’s coat right down to the skin by using a detachable shower head or a big cup. Use only warm water as dogs are more sensitive to hot water than humans.
Attention! No dog likes to have water poured over its head and into its eyes, so you have to use a wet sponge or wash cloth to wet the head area.
Apply shampoo as indicated on the bottle instructions by beginning at the head and working your way down the back. Be careful not to get shampoo in the eyes, nose, mouth or ears. Comb the shampoo lather through your dog’s hair with your fingers, making sure you don’t miss the areas under the legs and tail.
After allowing the shampoo to remain in your dog’s coat for a couple of minutes, thoroughly rinse coat of Norwich Terrier, right down to the skin with clean, lukewarm water using the spray attachment cup or pitcher. Comb through your dog’s coat with your fingers to make sure all shampoo residue has been completely rinsed away. Any shampoo remaining in a dog’s coat will lead to irritation and itching. Rinse the dog's hair thoroughly again, especially in the armpits and underneath the tail. Use your hands to gently squeeze all excess water from coat. Apply a conditioner containing protein to your Norwich Terrier’s coat. It will help to rebuild, restructure and protect the hair.
Use the towels to gently squeeze out extra water before you allow he to shake and spray water everywhere. Dry your dog right away with your hairdryer and be careful not to let the hot air get too close to skin. Comb with a soft brush or your hand to lift and fluff the coat to help it dry more quickly.
Remove the cotton balls from dog ears and make sure the ears are dry.
Eyes of Norwich Terrier should be checked regularly. Healthy eyes are without redness and souring. Gray lumps in the corners of the eyes are acceptable in the morning, because this dog is very active, and can runs a lot, so the eyes are thus cleaned. They are easy to clean with a soft, lint-free cloth. Wipe your Norwich Terrier eyes with a chamomile tea once a week to prevent souring. Wipe each eye with a separate cloth without lint (it is better not to use cotton wool).
Teeth: Brush your dog teeth with a special toothpaste for dogs using a toothbrush or a special brush on your finger 3-4 times a week. Include solid food in the Norwich Terrier diet to prevent tartar.
Ears Norwich Terrier check once a week. A healthy ear is pleasant pink color without redness and rash. Wipe the dust in the inside of the auricle with a cotton pad soaked in warm water. A regular inspection will allow you to notice any changes in the skin of your dog ears.
Contact your veterinarian immediately when you notice that your dog often shakes his head, rubs his ears on the floor, his auricle is red, there is an excess of sulfur or discharge with an unpleasant odor.There are many reasons: food allergies, otitis, Otodectes cynotis, etc. Always consult your veterinarian and never make a diagnosis yourself.
The ear mite Otodectes cynotis is a parasite living in the ear canal of dogs. These microscopic insects can appear in both puppies and adult dogs. Ear mites are highly contagious, and animals become infested by direct contact with another infested animal.
Claws: trim with a claw cutter for small breeds 1 time per month, smooth the sharp ends with a nail file to avoid the appearance of burrs. If the claws are too hard, moisten the paws in warm water, the nails will become softer and easier to cut. After the procedure to praise the Norwich Terrier and treat with his favorite treat.
Paws are wiped with a damp cloth or washed in the shower after walking. Always carefully check the paw pads for damage and cracks. The Norwich Terrier is a very active dog and can easily be injured while playing and running.
Rub any vegetable oil into the paw pads and include it in your dog’s diet (1 teaspoon per day) to prevent cracking.
Attention! Ticks and Fleas in Norwich Terrier
You must regularly treat your Norwich Terrier with means against ectoparasites at least 1 time per month, because fleas and ticks are a great threat to the health and life of the dog. The medicine is dripped on the withers. Do not bath the dog during 10 days.
Fleas are parasitic on the animal's body and provoke itch, redness and irritation of the skin. Flea bite can cause allergies. Flea can cause the appearance worms, if dog ingests it because fleas are carriers of various infectious diseases.
Ixodid tick is carrier of a dangerous disease for dogs -piroplasmosis (babesiosis). It is active in the period April - October (especially dangerous May - September).
Always check dog`s skin after walking: the muzzle, ears, area around the eyes, neck and abdomen. Discovered a tick, do not panic (not all are infectious). You need to wear rubber gloves and pull the parasite with tweezers or Tick Twister with circular motion. The bite is treated with antiseptic. Next days keep an eye on dog`s health. If your Norwich Terrier is active, eats with appetite, it is all right, your dog is healthy.
Symptoms of piroplasmosis (babesiosis) in Norwich Terrier:
- Refusal to eat and drink
- High body temperature (over 39 degrees)
- Yellow whites of the eyes
- Reddish brown urine
- Dog sinks down on its hind legs
Immediately consult a veterinarian if you notice these symptoms. Only the timely help can save the life of your dog.