Chihuahua dog (Chihuahueño) Characteristics
Chihuahua is a decorative breed of dogs which is the smallest breed in the world and the most ancient breed in America. He had a significant influence on the formation of other dwarf dog species.
His large head, short nose, large ears and expressive eyes make the appearance of Chihuahua cute and attractive. Despite his small size, it is a very active, cheerful, watchful and brave dog.
His homeland is considered to be the state of Chihuahua which is located in the north of Mexico. Chihuahua is included in the top 20 most popular dog breeds in the world so these charming dogs are loved in any country of the world.
Utilization: Companion dog
Classification FCI: Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs. Section 6 Chihuahua. Without working trial.
General Appearance Chihuahua has a compact body, an apple-shaped skull and moderately long tail which is carried high. Tail is curved or forms the shape of a semicircle with the tip pointing towards the loin region.
Important Proportions: Length of body slightly greater than height at withers. Males have an almost square body while bitches have a slightly longer body, because of the function of reproduction. Both are permitted according to standard.
Behaviour / Temperament: Clever, lively, vigilant and very brave.
Skull: Well rounded. There are two characteristic forms of the chihuahua skull - "deer" and "apple".
Stop: Well noticeable. It is deep and broad as the forehead is rounded above the set-on of muzzle.
Nose: Moderately short, pointing slightly upwards with wide nostrils. Different colors are permitted.
Muzzle: Short, straight, tapering towards the tip. Nasal bridge is broad.
Lips : Lean, tight fitting.
Cheeks: slightly developed, very clean.
Jaws/Teeth: Scissor or pincer bite. Overshot, undershot, as well as any other anomaly in position of upper or lower jaw must be strictly penalized.
Eyes: Large, rounded, very expressive, not protruding and dark. Light eyes are permissible, but not desired.
Ears: Large, upright, widely open, broad at set-on, gradually tapering towards their slightly rounded tip. In repose inclined laterally forming an angle of 45°.
Neck of medium length, upper profile slightly arched. Males`s neck is thicker than bitches. Without dewlap. In the long-haired variety, the presence of a neck-ruff with longer hair is highly desirable.
Body: Compact and well built.
Withers: Slightly marked.
Back: Short and firm.
Loin: Strongly muscled.
Croup: Broad, strong and almost flat or slightly sloping.
Chest: Broad and deep. Ribs are well sprung. Looking from the front, chest is roomy but not exaggerated and looking from side, it reaches to elbows.
Underline: is formed by a clearly tucked up belly. Slack belly is permitted but not desired.
Tail is moderate length and flat, set on high. It is thick at the base and gradually tapering to the tip. The way to keep the tail is an important feature of the breed: when the dog is moving, tail is carried either high with a bend or it is bent in a semicircle with a tip pointing towards the waist region, which gives the dog a balance.
The hair on the tail depends on the variety of chihuahua hair and must be is in harmony with the body coat (long or short).
In the long haired chihuahua, the tail coat forms a plume. Tail is pendant in repose and forms a slight hook.
Forequarters: Straight and good length. If look from the front, forelegs form a straight line with the elbows. If look from the side, they are upright.
Shoulders: Clean and moderately muscled.
Upper arms: Good angulation between shoulder-blade and upper arms.
Elbows: Firm and fitting close to body, which ensures free movement. Not turned inside or out.
Forearms: Straight and of good length.
Pasterns: Slightly sloping, strong and flexible.
Forefeet: Very small and oval. Pads are well developed and very elastic. Toes are well apart but not splayed
(neither hare-foot nor cat-foot). Nails are particularly well arched and moderately long. Dewclaws are not desirable.
Hind legs: well-muscled with long bones, vertical and parallel to each other with good angulation at hip, knee
and hock joints, in harmony with angulation of forequarters.
Rear pastern: Short hocks with well-developed Achilles’ tendons; seen from rear, they are well apart straight and vertical.
Hind feet: Very small and oval with well-developed and very elastic pads. Toes well apart but not splayed
(neither hare-foot nor cat-foot). Nails particularly well arched and moderately long. Dewclaws are not desirable.
Movement: Free and springy without visible effort. Steps are long, springy, energetic and active.
Skin: Smooth and elastic all over body.
Coat of Chihuahua has two varieties:
- Smooth-haired: coat is short, glossy and soft. If there is an undercoat, the hair is somewhat longer; sparse coat on throat and belly permissible; slightly longer on neck and tail, short on face and ears. Hairless dogs are not tolerated.
- Long-haired: hair is thin, silky and smooth or slightly wavy. Undercoat is desired not too thick. On ears, neck, rear of front and hind legs, on feet and on the tail coat is longer than on body and forms feathering. A long billowing coat is fault.
Coat color: All colors in all possible shades and combinations are admitted, except merle color.
Size and weight: For this breed only the weight is taken into consideration, not the height.
Weight of Chihuahua: Ideal weight is between 1.5 and 3 kg (4–6 lb)
Weight between 500 gr. and 1.5 kg tolerated. Dogs with weigh less than 500 gr and more than 3 kg will be disqualified.
Height of Chihuahua:
- Male 15–25 cm (6–10 in);
- Female 15–23 cm (6–10 in);
Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered as a fault and all the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Missing teeth
- “Double teeth” (persistence of temporary teeth)
- Pointed ears
- Short neck
- Long body
- Roach or hollow back (Lordosis or Kyphosis)
- Steep croup
- Narrow chest, flat ribcage
- Tail : incorrect set-on, short or twisted
- Short limbs
- Out at elbow
- Too close behind.
- Narrow skull
- Eyes small, deep set or protruding
- Long muzzle
- Under or overshot mouth
- Unstable stifle.
- Aggressive or overly shy
- Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified
- Deer type dogs (dogs with an atypical or extremely stylized structure: refined head, long neck, slender body, long limbs)
- Dogs with an open fontanel
- Drop ear or short ear
- Deformed jaws
- Extremely long body
- Absence of tail
- In the long- haired variety : Dogs with very long, fine and billowing coat
- In the smooth-haired variety : Bald patch (alopecia)
- Merle color
- Subjects weighing less than 500 gr and more than 3 kg.
- Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
- Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.
Chihuahua Coat Color
The coat of Chihuahua is of all colors and shades with and without tans. List of Chihuahua Coat Colors:
- Red ( all shades)
- Silver & White
- White & Cream
- Black & Tan
- Blue &Tan
- Chocolate & Tan
- Fawn & White
- Black & Red
- Black & Silver
- Black & White
- Black Sabled Fawn
- Black Sabled Silver
- Blue & White
- Blue Brindled Fawn
- Blue Fawn
- Chocolate & White
- Chocolate Blue
- Chocolate Brindled Fawn
- Chocolate Sabled Fawn
- Fawn Brindled Black
- Gold & White
- Red & White