The Komondor (The Hungarian Sheepdog) Characteristics
Komondor or the Hungarian sheepdog - is herding breed of Asiatic origin with impressive appearance and calm temperament. The Komondor is deservedly considered one of the largest dogs in the world as the male can reaches 80 cm height at the withers. The Komondor male average stands 27, 5 inches tall and up and weighs 100 or more pounds and female is 25, 5 tall and weighs 80 or more pounds. His long white corded coat gives Komondor appearance an unusual, huge and sometimes frightening look.
Komondor ancestors came to Hungary together with the Old Magyar tribes who roamed around the Carpathian Mountains. This huge dog was used to accompany and guard the flocks of sheep. His white hair allowed going unnoticed among the sheep, but at the same time, the owner could freely distinguish the Hungarian shepherd from the wolf.
Interesting fact: Komondor puppies look like cute lambs with short, soft and curly hair without undercoat. A two-year-old puppy sheds baby fluff. His hair curls into cords as it grows, acquiring the corresponding appearance. The coat of an adult Komondor weighs more than 7 kg, it consists of about 2000 cords which resembles dreadlocks or a mop and reaches 27-30 cm long. This is the heaviest fur in the canine world.
Utilization: Herding dog.
Classification FCI: Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). Section 1 Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
General Appearance Komondor: The Komondor has large and powerfully body which is covered by matted, corded, throughout dense, long hair. The body, seen sideways, forms a prone rectangle, little deviating from a square. The thickly coated head rises above the body. The tail is carried hanging down with its tip bent upwards, almost horizontal. The coat color is ivory. Unusual appearance Komondor and dignified deportment arouse respect and sometime fear. He is not tends to ingratiating.
- The body length slightly exceeds the height at the withers.
- The deepest point of the brisket is approximately on a level with half of the height at the withers.
- The muzzle is slightly shorter than half of the length of the head.
Komondor Temperament / Behavior: He has an imperturbable courage in the guarding and defense of the herds entrusted to him and the property and home of his master. Komondor attacks silently and angrily. He regards his territory as his own property and will not tolerate any other living creature in it. His character is suspicious. Komondor likes to keep a lying position enabling him to control his area during the day. At night, he is always on the move.
Head is broad, in good proportion to the body. Even the dense screen of hair does not make him appear out of proportion.
- Skull: domed, brows well developed.
- Stop: well developed but not too steep.
Nose: straight, cut off blunt, black.
Muzzle: not pointed. Bridge of nose is straight.
Lips: black, tightly fitting to mouth and jaw bones. Corner of mouth is jagged.
Jaws/Teeth: jaws are strong, powerful and muscled very well. Even and complete scissor bite, according to the dentition formula.
Cheeks: broad, of medium length.
Eyes: horizontally set, dark brown. The black rim tightly fitting to the eyeball.
Ears: set medium high on the domed skull. Clearly pendant from the base and V- or U-shaped. Not raised neither when alert nor in attack.
Neck: muscled very well. Rather short than of medium length. It should form an angle of 35 degrees to the horizontal. It is carried almost in continuation of the back line when dog is quiet or peaceful. . Without dewlap or neck ruff.
Topline: those parts of the body which form the topline are broad and muscled very well.
Withers: sufficiently long, clearly defined in front.
Loin is medium length.
Croup: broad, of medium length, slightly sloping.
Chest: broad, muscled. Brisket is medium depth, broad, long.
Underline: slightly tucked up.
Tail: low-set, clearly pendant. Tip of the tail shows a slight bend, almost to horizontal. It is desirable that the tail reaches to the hock. When alert, the tail is raised, at most, to the level of the back.
Forequarters: are columnar and straight, parallel and vertical seen from the front or the side. The chest is broad which results in wide apart, strong and free moving legs. The limbs are firmly connected to the body. Bone substance is strong and powerful. Joints are large.
- Shoulders blades are moderately sloping. Points of the shoulder blades placed vertically over the deepest point of the chest.
- Forefeet: large, strong with well-knit toes. Pads are slate grey, thick and well padded. Claws are gray.
Hindquarters: The position of the hind legs supports the body with medium angulations. Continuing the croup of medium length, broad, well-muscled limbs are required.
- Upper thigh: strongly muscled, voluminous.
- Hind feet: longer than forefeet, with well-knit toes. Pads are slate grey, thick and well padded. Claws are gray. Dewclaws to be removed.
Gait/Movement: light, free and even. The stride is wide and ground covering.
Skin contains a lot of pigment and is slate grey. Dark pigment at the gums and the roof of mouth preferred. Diminished pigment and pink skin undesirable.
Coat of Komondor: the whole body is covered by long hair. The coat consists of a coarser topcoat and finer undercoat. The characteristic coat is determined by the relation of the top coat to the undercoat. The shaggy coat that tends towards matting is a basic requirement. An equally dense, wavy, corded coat also occurs. The smaller tufts of hair are less or not matted at all. The coat is longest on the croup, at the loin region and on the rear of the upper thighs (at least 20-27cm). On the back, at the sides of the chest and at the region of the shoulder blades, it is of medium length (15-22 cm), at the cheeks, the eyebrows, on top of the head, on the ears, the neck and the limbs, it is shorter (10-18 cm) and at the lips and on the lower parts of the limbs shortest (9-11 cm). Neither a combed nor a completely neglected coat is desirable.
Color of Komondor: ivory color.
Size and Weight of Komondor:
- Height at withers: Male minimum 70 cm; Female: minimum 65 cm.
- Weight: Male: 50 – 60 kg; Female: 40 – 50 kg.
Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog. In particular:
- Lack of pigment on nose leather, eyes and rims of lids.
- Loose eyelids.
- Ring Tail.
- Aggressive or overly shy.
- Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
- Flabby construction, body lacking muscle.
- Entropion, Ectropion.
- Overshot or undershot, wry mouth.
- Pricked, light ears.
- Short tail (ending 3 cm above hock).
- Heavy limbs and faulty movement.
- Not ivory coloured or multicoloured coat.
- Diversion from lower height limit as mentioned in the standard.
- Male of Komondor must have two apparently normal developed testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
- Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.